Treatment Plans For Two Different Prostate Cancer Stages

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The second stage of prostate cancer is known as the advanced stage. This type of cancer has already spread to other parts of the body. The advanced stage of prostate cancer is more difficult to treat because it can attack other organs in your body.

The two different prostate cancer stages that are included in the advanced stage are:

1. Bone or bone marrow cancer or lymph node cancer

2. Cancer that has spread to distant parts of your body

Prostate cancer stages are two different phases of the disease; depends on how much of the cancer cells are in the prostate. There are two different stages for prostate cancer:

Though prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, it’s also the one most likely to be cured if treatment is started at the right time. However, many men with prostate cancer don’t know they have it. That’s why it’s so important for men over the age of 50 to have regular exams and tests. This helps doctors find prostate cancer as early as possible, when treatments are more successful.

Treating prostate cancer depends on a number of factors, including the stage of the disease, your overall health and your personal preferences. If you’re thinking about treatment for prostate cancer, consider these three different types of treatment:

Active Surveillance

If you choose an active surveillance approach to treating your prostate cancer, you’ll meet regularly with a urologist to monitor your symptoms and check for signs that your cancer is spreading. You won’t usually need any other treatment. This option may be best if you’re unsure about whether or not you want to undergo surgery or radiation therapy and if you have a low risk of metastasis (cancer that has spread beyond the prostate).

Prostatectomy

A prostatectomy removes all or part of your prostate gland in order to treat cancerous cells. The procedure can be done using either traditional open surgery or lap

A recent study of men treated for prostate cancer has important implications for care at different stages. Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center looked at men who were diagnosed with prostate cancer and then treated with curative intent. Of the more than 2,000 men in the study, about one-third received radiation treatment alone, one-third received surgery combined with radiation and one-third received radiation treatment followed by surgery if needed. The median age of the men was 66, and most had low or intermediate risk prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among American men, according to the American Cancer Society. An estimated 232,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in 2012, and 29,480 deaths will result from the disease.

A little more than half of all cases are found when they are still confined to the prostate gland (localized), while nearly 40 percent have spread beyond it (advanced). The five-year survival rate for localized disease is 99 percent (versus 97 percent for advanced disease).

The disease has been called the silent killer for good reason. Most men are diagnosed in the later stages, when cancer is more advanced and harder to treat. The most common sign of prostate cancer is a need to urinate frequently or urgently. Other signs include difficulty emptying the bladder, pain during urination or ejaculation, blood in the urine or semen, and pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips or pelvic area.

Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy and hormone therapy. Immunotherapy may also be used to treat prostate cancer in some cases.

Depending on where the tumor is in the prostate and how far it has spread, doctors suggest various treatment plans for Stage 1 and Stage 2 prostate cancer.

The prostate is a small, walnut-sized gland that sits in the base of the male reproductive system. It releases fluid that helps nourish and transport sperm.

The prostate can become enlarged or inflamed if it becomes infected or irritates the bladder. Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop inside the prostate and begin to multiply. The symptoms of prostate cancer include: difficulty urinating, urinary frequency, blood in the urine or semen, pain in your back or hips and trouble getting an erection.

A PSA test measures levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) protein in a blood sample. The blood test is used to screen for cancer and to help doctors gauge the progress of treatment after surgery or radiation therapy.

The goal of treatment is to ease symptoms and prolong life, but there are no treatments that can cure the disease.

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