In order to successfully detect and treat this cancer, it’s important to know the stages, signs and symptoms.

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You are currently viewing In order to successfully detect and treat this cancer, it’s important to know the stages, signs and symptoms.

Each stage of cervical cancer has different symptoms, so it’s important to learn about the early signs and symptoms for each stage. As the cancer progresses from stage I to stage IV, symptoms may not develop or they may become more severe.

Cancer is a frightening word. It conjures images of something growing out of control, destroying the healthy cells around it, infiltrating the body until it has taken over and killed the host.

This is why its important to understand the different stages cancer goes through. The earlier you can detect cancer in its earlier stages the more options you have for treatment and ultimately survival. Cancer has five stages, which are called stages 0 through 4.

The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates that in the United States there will be an estimated 12,990 new cases of prostate cancer in 2013 and it will cause approximately 3,690 deaths. The ACS also estimates that in 2012, over 217,660 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer in the U.S.

Prostate cancer can be detected in the early stages through screening tests such as a digital rectal exam (DRE), prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test, or trans-rectal ultrasound. These tests are not invasive and may help detect prostate cancer at an early stage when it is more treatable.*

Symptoms of advanced prostate cancer include bone pain, weight loss, trouble urinating and leg swelling.*

If you have any symptoms or concerns about prostate cancer, see your doctor right away.*

Treatment is available for most men with prostate cancer.* Treatment options vary depending on the stage of the disease and may include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or watchful waiting.* If a man has a more serious form of the disease that has spread outside the gland to other parts of the body, he may receive treatment for symptoms such as bone pain or difficulty urinating due to blockage from the spread of cancerous cells.*


Though the disease was first identified in the early 19th century, it wasn’t until 1973 that the American Cancer Society began collecting data on incidence rates. More than 3,000 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer each year, and more than 1,500 die from the disease.

The risk factors to becoming a victim are pretty clear: Being Caucasian increases your chances of getting ovarian cancer by 15 times. Smokers also have almost a two times risk of developing the disease.

The symptoms include bloating or swelling of the abdomen and discomfort in the lower abdomen. Nausea is often associated with nausea and vomiting. Typically abdominal pain gets worse after eating and at night. One study showed that about half of patients had no symptoms at all when the cancer was diagnosed. When symptoms do occur, they usually appear two to three months after initial diagnosis

There are two stages to ovarian cancer: Stage I accounts for about 22 percent of cases, while Stage II comprises about 78 percent of cases. In Stage I, cancer is found in one ovary; in Stage II it has spread to other parts of the body such as lymph nodes or lungs.

The most common symptom is a change in bowel habits. Constipation is the most common sign of colon cancer, followed by diarrhea. Anemia can be a sign of colon cancer because tumors in the colon can bleed.

Tumors that have grown into or compressed against other organs may cause symptoms such as pain, bloating and indigestion. If a tumor presses on the bladder, you may experience incontinence or difficulty starting urination.

Some people with colon cancer experience no signs or symptoms at all. If you notice changes in your bowel habits or have rectal bleeding, see your doctor right away even if it doesn’t seem serious. Be sure to tell your doctor about any risk factors you have for colon cancer, such as a family history of the disease; a personal history of colorectal polyps, inflammatory bowel disease or chronic constipation; or previous treatment for pre-cancerous conditions such as colitis or Crohn’s disease.”

The very word cancer is chilling, conjuring up images of a malignant, invasive disease. That image is reinforced by the medical term for the three stages of cancer: cancer in situ (in position), carcinoma (cancer that has invaded below the surface) and metastasis (cancer that has spread to other organs).

Cancer is a disease in which some of your body’s cells begin to divide without stopping, and they don’t die when they are supposed to. The cells can invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.

Although cancer can occur in a number of different organs and systems, it most frequently starts in the cells that line the inside of hollow organs. These cancers — called carcinomas — include breast cancer, cancers of the lung, colon or rectum, and stomach cancer. Other cancers develop from tissues such as bone, blood vessels, lymph nodes and brain cells. These are known as sarcomas.

The two most common types of childhood cancer are leukemia and lymphoma.

Cancer researchers study adult cancers because many treatments work well in adults but not children. Researchers also use studies on adult cancers to learn more about how childhood cancers develop, grow and respond to treatment.

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