12 Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century

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Art has a long history, and in it there have been many artists who have made a profound impact on the world of art. The 20th century was an especially active period for art, with many greats emerging.

We have created this list to help you get to know some of these artists and their most memorable works. We hope you will find their stories inspiring.

12 Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century

The Twentieth Century was a time of tremendous change in the world of art. Keep reading to learn about 12 influential artists of the twentieth century and their impact on the art scene.

Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968)

Marcel Duchamp is considered as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, having exerted a major influence on conceptual art, pop art and minimalism. He was a French painter who became famous for his “readymades,” which were ordinary objects that he selected and placed together to create a new idea. His best known work is Fountain (1917), which was a porcelain urinal that he signed with a fictitious name and submitted as his own work at an exhibition. The work caused an uproar at the time, but today it is considered one of the most important pieces in modern art.

Duchamp’s most famous quote was “Art is either plagiarism or revolution.” This pretty much sums up his attitude towards his work, as he liked to take popular ideas from other artists and recast them into something unique. This probably explains why he often altered his own work, making subtle changes or adding new elements over time until they were entirely different from their original form.


This article highlights twelve key artists of the 20th century. These artists, who made their mark on the art world, were chosen by Jill Johnston, an art critic of the New York Times. The article is divided into five sections: “The Artist,” “The Art Movement,” “The Work,” “The Context,” and “The Legacy.” Each section provides a different piece to the puzzle that is each featured artist. Johnston provides photographs and images of the works of these artists. In addition, she discusses the progression of their work over time, as well as how their work has been interpreted and why it is significant.

Titled “12 Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century” this article would be good for starting a discussion about influential modern artists. It’s also great for getting students thinking about what makes a particular artist’s work or style noteworthy.

Art is the best thing ever. But if you need convincing, the 20th century had a lot of it. You can’t be human and not have your life changed by Picasso, Matisse, Pollock, or Warhol. If you’re an art lover, but aren’t familiar with the 20th century’s most influential artists, this list will help.

Beware: there are many lists of influential artists on the Internet that are more about popularity than impact. This one is about both impact and quality.

Picasso (1881-1973)

Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter known for his work in cubism, abstract art and surrealism. He was also a prolific draftsman, printmaker, and sculptor who produced close to 20,000 artworks during his career. His most famous paintings include “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon,” “Guernica,” and “The Old Guitarist.”

Picasso’s influence was so widespread that he has been called “the only true genius among 20th century artists.” His painting “Guernica” inspired anti-war protests that helped end the civil war in Spain. Even people who don’t like Picasso’s work recognize his significance: in 1989 he became

1. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Pablo Picasso is widely considered one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. His unique style and masterpieces have influenced many artists throughout history.

2. Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)

Kandinsky was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. He is credited with painting the first purely abstract works. In his lifetime, Kandinsky’s work received only limited attention from the public and critics, but after his death he was celebrated as one of the most important and influential painters of modern art.

3. Frida Kahlo (1907-55)

Frida Kahlo was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, still lifes and scenes from her husband Diego Rivera’s murals. Her work has been celebrated in Mexico since the early twentieth century for its honest depiction of the reality of Mexican life in the midst of political and social turmoil, as well as her beauty and her active participation in Mexican politics.

4. Andy Warhol (1928-87)

Warhol’s art focused on “Campbell’s Soup Cans,” “Mao,” Elvis Presley and other celebrities, Marilyn Monroe,

The world of art has never been the same since the 20th century. From Pablo Picasso to Andy Warhol and many more, these are the most influential artists of all time.

1. Pablo Picasso (1881 – 1973)

Picasso is arguably the most influential artist of the Twentieth Century. He was born in Malaga, Spain, in 1881 and died in France in 1973. His father was an art teacher and his mother worked as an artist’s model. As a young boy he drew constantly, producing thousands of sketches from memory and observation.

During his lifetime Picasso painted over 20,000 works, over 2500 of which were paintings. His body of work includes painting, sculpture, ceramics and prints. He also designed tapestries, jewelry, furniture and stage sets for the Ballet Russes de Diaghilev1892-1929) and others. He is credited with coining the terms “Cubism” and “Symbolism”, but it is unclear whether these terms were actually coined by him or are simply attributed to him because he was a central figure in each movement.

Picasso’s first major masterpiece was Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), a proto

Today we celebrate the art of the 20th century, which was a time of great achievements. We are sure that you will appreciate the paintings below, as they are not only beautiful but also have influenced many artists of today’s time.

So, take a look at these paintings and enjoy!

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