Art nouveau is an eclectic artistic and design style. It evolved at the end of the 19th century and beginning of 20th century. In France, it was called Style moderne, and in Italy Stile Liberty.
The style is characterized by asymmetry, flowing lines, the frequent use of nature themes, and a general sense of fantasy and whimsy. Its name comes from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) held in Paris in 1900.
The following list includes some of the most important artists from this movement. If you’re interested in more modern art movements, check out 10 Art Movements You Should Know: Abstractionism to Zementism or The History of Surrealism: A Timeline.*
1. Aubrey Beardsley (1872-1898), England
2. Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939), France
3. Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun (1755-1842), France
4. Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Austria
5.* Gustav Klimt – Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II (19
Art Nouveau was a short-lived, eclectic art movement that originated in the 1890s and peaked around the turn of the century.
Like any art movement, Art Nouveau was a product of its time. A time of expansion and innovation in the arts; an era when artists were exploring new styles and techniques. These 11 artists drew inspiration from natural forms, such as plants and animals, to create organic works of art that would later inspire the surrealist movement in the early 1900s. The following list includes some of their most remarkable works.
Art Nouveau, or Art Deco as it’s sometimes called, is all about nature and beauty. You’ll see that theme in the artists I’ve chosen to profile here.
Art Nouveau was a reaction against the industrialization of Europe and America. It was a movement about going back to nature, about creating art that looked different from everyday life. It’s hard to believe now how different everything looked back then!
Art Nouveau started in France and spread quickly to other parts of Europe, when the first World’s Fair opened in Paris in 1889. Some Art Nouveau masterpieces are now protected by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage List.*
Art Nouveau artists:
Hector Guimard (1867-1942) became famous for designing Art Nouveau metro entrances. He also designed the Castel Béranger apartment house in Paris, which many consider his masterpiece.
Art Nouveau painter Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939) created posters for Sarah Bernhardt, Czech actress and singer, that remain some of his best known work today. He’s perhaps most famous for La Revue de Music-Hall.
Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) was a French-
The term Art Nouveau (pronounced “ahr noo-voh”, with the accent on the second syllable) was coined by the art critic Louis Hautecœur in a 1892 article, “L’Art Nouveau” (New Art), published in Bulletin des Beaux-Arts.
The style started taking hold in Europe about two decades earlier, and was made popular by the Parisian company Bing & Grøndahl, who applied it to various items of household decor.
If you think this all looks familiar, you’re not wrong — Art Nouveau has been widely embraced by interior designers and furniture makers through later years. The design principles live on today in a great many things we encounter every day, from jewelry and posters to fonts and garments.
There’s one more thing to note here: some of these names are really common ones — like Klimt or Mucha — but they are listed alongside artists who are far less well-known. This is because Listverse is not just a list of names and dates; we want to provide readers with some context as well.
The artists of the late 19th century had a goal in mind when they created the Art Nouveau movement: to create a style that would be original, non-westernized, and an art form all its own. Art Nouveau artists were not trying to imitate, but rather were trying to recreate their own interpretation of their artistic vision of the world.
Art Nouveau appeared all over Europe at the same time, but it really flourished in France, where it was pioneered by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, who is considered one of the primary founders of modern design.
Art Nouveau is characteristically decorative and flowing. It often uses repeated patterns and naturalistic motifs such as plants, flowers and reptiles. The movement also embraced modern technology of the day like ceramics, jewelry and architecture.
And as with any art form that has a strong cultural influence, Art Nouveau inspired many artists to create amazing works of art including paintings, photographs and sculptures.
Art Nouveau is a decorative art style that originated in the late 19th century. It was inspired by an interest in the arts and crafts movement as well as Japanese, Egyptian, and Greek art. The name of the style can be translated as “new art” or “new craft.”
Art Nouveau artists used flowing lines and floral patterns to create beautiful works of art, which they often combined with other decorative elements, such as stained glass. Art Nouveau buildings from this period are notable for their curvy, organic shapes.
Many people consider the Eiffel Tower designed by Gustave Eiffel to be a prime example of Art Nouveau architecture, although it was built in 1889 – before the style existed.
Artists who helped popularize this style include Alphonse Mucha, Odilon Redon, Gustav Klimt, Jan Toorop, Henry van de Velde and Peter Flötner.
Art Nouveau (French for “new art”) is an international style of art and architecture that flourished between 1890 and 1910. Its name was derived from the Exposition Internationale d’Art Nouveau that took place in Paris in 1900.
Art Nouveau spread beyond architecture to other visual arts. It was also a reaction against the rationalism of the Industrial Revolution and the Classicist aesthetics that dominated European culture at the time. The Art Nouveau period was one of creativity, experimentation, and production within the arts.
Art Nouveau is characterized by its rich decorative styles, use of plant and floral designs, and its flowing, curved designs that often included new materials such as glass and wrought ironwork. It has been called the first self-consciously modern style. Many Art Nouveau artists were inspired by nature, with typically feminine designs featuring flowers, plants, butterflies, birds, female figures or scenes of rural life.
The most famous Art Nouveau artist is French artist Hector Guimard who designed some of Paris’ most famous Metro entrances which are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites. His work is typical of the organic flowing forms that typify the genre