What are Byzantine Paintings? Know the History, Styles and Techniques

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Byzantine art is one of the most intricate and decorative type of painting in the world. It is also considered to be the most original. Styles and techniques of this art was never used anywhere else in the world and mostly confined to the eastern part of Europe.

The method and style were created by the first Christian empire of Byzantium which existed between 4th century to 14th century. The art was prevalent in almost all religious icons, frescos and mosaics during these periods. It was highly influenced by the ancient eastern states like Persia and Syria which are now known as Turkey.

A lot has been written about this kind of art but what most people do not know about Byzantine Art is that its origin is linked with early Christian church and its history encapsulates a lot more than just paintings.

Byzantine art is a general label that refers to an artistic movement and its subsequent works. The movement emerged in the Byzantine Empire, and continued until the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Byzantine art is characterized by a move towards realism and naturalism and away from the stylized aesthetics of earlier Greek art. This evolution can be seen most notably in the iconography of the period, which shows a movement away from symbolic and ideal representations towards depictions of nature and human beings.

The style was characterized by a new naturalism based on classical models, and later mosaics, murals, and miniatures followed the same trend. Figures began to show greater emotional expression, depth, and complexity. At the same time, there was a significant increase in secular themes and subjects, particularly after 900. In this period we also see the development of larger churches with elaborate decorations which took advantage of the new techniques available, as well as a rise in monasticism throughout Europe.

• Byzantine Art History

• Byzantine Icon

• Byzantine Museum Istanbul

• Byzantine Mosaic Wall Paintings

Byzantine mosaic art is a unique variation on traditional wall painting. Typically known for its use of bright colors, intricate patterns and religious imagery. By using cubes, tesserae or t

Byzantine Art is a term used to refer to the arts of the Byzantine Empire and especially the later, medieval stages of Byzantine art, during the fourteenth century. The beginning date is usually considered to be 6th century AD, when the Emperor Justinian I ruled Byzantium and its empire.

What is Byzantine art?

Byzantine Art is an art style that was developed in Eastern Europe during the time of the Byzantine Empire. As with most styles of art, the specific characteristics or traits will vary depending on who was creating it and where it was being created. It became prominent after the 8th century AD and reached its height during the 13th century. During this time it was also known as Orthodox Christian art since it was an important part of Orthodox Christian history.

The term “Byzantine” comes from a term that describes those who were citizens of Byzantium (the Greek name for Constantinople). The term has been in use from the sixteenth century onward when referring to this particular style of art which originated in Constantinople during this time period.

Artists during this period were skilled at creating mosaic icons that depicted religious scenes, portraits, landscapes as well as many other subjects. They blended different techniques together so that they could create these different types

Byzantine art or Byzantine is an art that is characterized by its use of golden tones and complex patterns. This particular kind of art originated in the Byzantine Empire during the period between the 4th and 15th century.

This art is a combination of western Christian traditions, Greek Roman traditions and eastern influences. The most popular forms of this style are mosaics, icons, embroidery and architecture.

The History of Byzantine Art – Byzantine art started with the decline of Roman Empire in 4th century AD when the capital city was changed to Constantinople (present day Istanbul). The new name given to it was Constantinopolitan art. A famous mosaic from Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore created in 595 AD is sometimes regarded as the first example of Byzantine Art.

In 626 AD Emperor Heraclius reformed the religious practices in Constantinople and this reform became known as Heraclian Renaissance which was an important event in history of Byzantine Art and culture.

Byzantine Art Styles – Byzantine Art has three major styles namely:

1) Early Period (4th-8th century)

2) Middle Period (9th century-1204)

3) Late Period (1204-1453)

The First Style (Early Period) – Byz

Byzantine art is so named because it was the style of the Byzantine Empire, which lasted from 330 to 1453. During this time, Constantinople was the capital and greatest city of the Byzantine Empire. It was also known as Byzantium before becoming the capital of the empire.

For more than 1000 years after its foundation, Byzantine art dominated Christian art in general. The term itself, Byzantine Art has come to be used to describe a wide range of styles developed by artists of the Eastern Orthodox Church during this time period.

Byzantine art is a general term for the artistic products of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire from about AD 330 to 1453.

The Byzantine period is often said to have begun in AD 330 when the Emperor Constantine the Great moved the seat of the Roman Empire to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople, establishing it as the capital city of the Roman Empire. However, this move was not intended to signify the creation of a new empire – indeed, Constantine had always maintained that Rome itself was the ‘New Rome’. Byzantium remained a part of the Roman Empire until its fall in 1453.The term Byzantine also refers to the architectural style that evolved from Roman and Greek influences and characterized most of the ecclesiastical and secular architecture built in the territory of what is now called the Byzantine Empire, as well as certain territories outside it such as Georgia and Bulgaria, between the 5th and 15th centuries. It was also employed by historians to denote landmarks in what remained of pre-Byzantine areas after these had come under Ottoman rule. The most important Byzantine-era monuments survive not in Constantinople itself, but in Ravenna, Thessaloniki, Sofia and Istanbul (formerly Constantinople). The term Byzantine has been traditionally applied to any eastern or medieval

Byzantine art is a style of art that evolved in the Byzantine Empire (present-day Turkey), and was a period of artistic activity within the Eastern Orthodox Church. Byzantine art was highly stylized, and in its earliest period could be very austere and harsh.


* The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Much of Byzantine art was more developed than earlier Greco-Roman forms although it also followed classical models and reflected some of the changes that happened during that time.* Early Byzantine architecture was built on top of older Hellenistic cities which came into contact with Greek culture through Byzantium’s proximity to Greece. The term is used to describe architecture from about 300 to 1100 AD. Early examples include churches at St Anthony’s Monastery

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